Understand bone density, get exercises and decrease your risk of fractures.
What falls into this category?
- Back pain
- Hip pain
- Osteoporosis and osteopenia
- Vitamin D and Calcium deficiency
- Balance issues
What are the symptoms?
Unfortunately with Osteoporosis, it is common to not notice any symptoms until a bone breaks (i.e. could be from injury, a fall, or simple coughing/sneezing). This can cause pain, or chronic pain (from the fracture, not from osteoporosis itself).
When should I get treatment?
Everyday is a good day to take action on maintaining bone density! Those at highest risk are menopausal women, people that have a history of long term corticosteroid use, or those who have undergone any chemotherapy or radiotherapy and may want to consult their health professional to take action on preventing osteoporosis. If you read the treatment section, it’s mostly about being healthy, exercising and acquiring the correct nutrition so there’s no reason you can’t start today!
What treatments help?
Weight bearing exercises (eg. walking, dancing, aerobics, weightlifting/resistance) are the best for maintaining bone density. Education is vital and we will often test patients about what exactly is in this definition because it’s easy to get confused and swimming certainly does not count! However, if you’ve had a recent fracture it is best you consult your health professional to find out which exercises are appropriate for you. You will also want to strengthen your muscles to improve your balance and reduce your risk of falls in the first place.
Further treatment is mainly based on diet – following the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating and minimising alcohol intake, stopping smoking and maintaining Vitamin D & calcium intake. Your doctor might prescribe some medication (i.e. bisphosphonates) to help increase your bone density.
Reference, or for more info: https://www.osteoporosis.org.au/